Bisnis.com, JAKARTA- Lake is a habitat that supports a diversity of marine biodiversity that varies in size and depth.
Some lakes seem closed, but many are open lakes and the water ends up in the sea.
Here are the 10 deepest lakes in the world, as reported by AZ Animals:
1. Lake Baikal, Russia
Having a maximum depth of 5,387 feet or 1,642 meters, Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. Located in Siberia and formed in an ancient Rift Valley, Lake Baikal is also the largest freshwater lake in the world, containing more than 20% of all unfrozen freshwater on Earth. Lake Baikal has existed for 25 million years, making it the oldest known lake.
2. Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Zambia
Lake Tanganyika is considered the Great Lakes of Africa as it spans four African countries namely Tanzania, Zambia, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Besides being the longest freshwater lake in the world, this lake also has a depth of 4,820 feet or 1,470 meters, making it the second deepest lake in the world. This lake has a high level of marine biodiversity very long and narrow.
3. Caspian Lakes, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Azerbaijan and Russia
As the largest lake on the planet, there is no doubt that the Caspian Sea spans not just two or three countries, but five regions, namely Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. It is the largest salt lake on the planet, the largest covered basin and the third deepest lake in the world. The Caspian Sea is 3,363 feet or 1,025 meters deep.
4. Lake Vostok, Antarctica
Not all lakes are visible to the naked eye. Lake Vostok differs from these other lakes in that it is difficult to spot from the ordinary surface. Located on the most frozen continent in the world, Lake Vostok in Antarctica is buried about 4 km from the surface. It reaches a maximum depth of 900 meters or 3,000 feet, containing almost 5,400 cubic kilometers of fresh water. Many new types of bacterial life have been discovered.
5. Lake O’Higgins/San Martín, Chile and Argentina
It has two names because it spans two South American countries, namely Chile and Argentina. In Chile, this 836 meter deep lake is called Lake O’Higgins because it is located near the O’Higgins Glacier. In Argentina, the lake is called San Martín and is famous not only for its depth of 2,743 feet but also for its milky turquoise color caused by the mountains surrounding it.
6. Lake Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
Known as Lake Nyasa, Lake Malawi is a narrow lake that spans two countries between Mozambique and Tanzania in Africa. Although the surface is thin and long, the depth reaches 2,316 feet or 706 meters. Lake Malawi is an ancient lake that is estimated to be between 1 and 2 million years old. Lake Malawi is home to around 1000 species of fish, hosting 15% of the freshwater fish on Earth.
7. Issyk-Kul or Lake Ysyk, Kyrgyzstan
With a depth of 2,192 feet or 668 meters, Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan is a salt lake, which means a closed lake with a high salt content. Issyk-Kul is located at an elevation of 5,270 feet or 1,606 meters in the Tien Shan Mountains. In this country, the lake is locally called Ysyk-Köl, which translates to “Hot Lake” because the lake never freezes despite its high altitude.
8. Great Slave Lake, Canada
Great Slave Lake is the deepest lake in all of North America. It has a depth of 2,014 feet or 614 meters, located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It is named after an indigenous group called the Slaves, who inhabited the shore of the lake around 8,000 years ago. The Great Slave has an area of 10,502 square miles, making it the second largest lake in Canada.
9. Crater Lake, United States of America
At a depth of 1,943 feet or 594 meters. The lake water is famous for its beautiful blue color, coming directly from snow or rain. There are no entrances to drains or other water sources. This ensures that no mineral deposits are carried into the lake, preserving its rich color and making it one of the cleanest and clearest bodies of water on the planet.
10. Lake Matano, Indonesia
Lake Matano or also called Matana is a natural lake located in Sulawesi South, Indonesia. With a depth of up to 1,940 feet or 590 meters, its surface elevation above sea level averages only 382 meters (1,253 feet). This indicates that the deepest part of the lake is below sea level. There is a Lake Matano Festival every year.
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