Kaleidoscope 2022: The G20 journey of the Indonesian presidency, from the Russian-Ukrainian war to the G20 summit in Bali

Report by Tribunnews reporter Larasati Dyah Utami

TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – The journey of the presidency or presidency of the Republic of Indonesia (RI) in the G20 is not easy.

Even Foreign Minister (Menlu) Retno Marsudi said Indonesia’s G20 presidency in 2022 could be the toughest presidency the world is facing. multiple crises.

The pandemic is not over, the war is on Ukrainegeopolitical tensions have increased, as well as the food, energy and financial crises.

Following Tribunnews summarizes the journey of the RI G20 presidency in Kaleidoscope 2022.

G20 Presidency

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Indonesia officially holds the presidency of the G20 or the Group of Twenty in 2022.

This is the first time that Indonesia has taken over the presidency or the presidency of the G20 in this multilateral cooperation forum.

The forum, which consists of 19 major countries and the European Union (EU), all have middle to high income classes, from developing to developed nations that contribute 80% of global GDP.

The member countries of this forum are South Africa, United States, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Republic of China, India, Indonesia, United Kingdom, Italy , Japan, Germany, Canada, South Korea, Mexico, France, RussiaSaudi Arabia, Turkey and one regional organization, namely the European Union.

However, along the way, Indonesia faced multiple crises, one of which was the outbreak of war in Ukraine.

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Russo-Ukrainian War

US President Joe Biden (C), British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, French President Emmanuel Macron, Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio, La European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, European Council President Charles Michel, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken met urgently to discuss a missile attack on Polish territory near the border with Ukraine, on the sidelines of the G20 leaders’ summit in Nusa Two, on the Indonesian resort island of Bali, on November 16, 2022. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (AFP/SAUL LOEB)

When Indonesia assumes the presidency of the G20, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022.

The war still continues today. This conflict began in February 2014 after the Revolution of Dignity Ukraineand focused first on the status of Crimea and the part of Donbass, internationally recognized as part of Ukraine.

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