Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – Nearly 8.4 million people are currently living with Diabetes type 1, and this number is expected to increase from 13.5 to 17.4 million by 2040.
In a new modeling study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, an estimated 3.1 million people will be alive by 2021 if they do not die prematurely as a result of poor care for type 1 diabetes. and that more than 700,000 would still be alive if they did not die of their disease.
For the study, the researchers modeled data on the prevalence of type 1 diabetes in childhood, adolescence and adulthood in 97 countries, with future prevalence projected through 2040.
The study found that of the 8.4 million people with type 1 diabetes, 18% were under 20, 64% were between 20 and 59, and 19% were over 60.
The study also found that one in five deaths from type 1 diabetes occur before the age of 25 and have undiagnosed diabetes.
The study found that more adults than children are diagnosed each year, with a median age of diagnosis of 32.
Dr. Ambrish Mithal, Head of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medanta explained that type 1 diabetes is mainly found in children and is also seen in adults. It is characterized by severe insulin deficiency due to lack of insulin secretion in the pancreas, which develops a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.
The countries with the highest estimated prevalence of this type of diabetes are: United States, India, Brazil, China, Germany, United Kingdom, Russia, Canada, Arabia Saudi Arabia and Spain. These countries accounted for 5.08 million or 60% of global type 1 diabetes cases, according to the study.
This disease, which is a very common endocrine disorder in children, is common in India.
According to data from the International Diabetes Federation, with 229,400 cases, India currently has the highest estimated prevalence of type 1 diabetes cases among people under the age of 20. Nearly 24,000 new cases of type 1 diabetes are added every year.
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by decreased or absent insulin production due to autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas. The immune system thus destroys very little or not at all the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. insulin is produced by the body,” explained Dr. Khalid J Farooqui, Senior Consultant – Endocrinology and Diabetes, Max Gurugram Hospital.
Compared to type 2 diabetes, the risk factors for type 1 diabetes are less well understood.
“Genetic factors have a key role. Type 1 diabetes is more likely to occur in those with certain genes. A person’s risk of developing type 1 diabetes increases slightly if they have a parent or sibling with the disease,” the experts said.
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